OIE Self-Assessment and Monitoring Tool



In May 2006, the OIE recognised the importance of providing guidance to members on humane methods of stray dog population control and decided to develop specific animal welfare standards for this important topic, because:

  • More than 55 000 people - mostly children - die each year for rabies. In many cases the source of infection is a stray dog;
  • Ninety-nine per cent of human rabies deaths due to dog bites;
  • Many millions of animals contract and die of rabies each year;
  • Stray dogs pose serious human health, socio-economic, political and animal welfare problems in many countries of the world, and especially in developing countries and in least developed countries.

The Chapter 7.7. on Stray Dog Population Control was unanimously adopted in 2009, at the 77th OIE General Session and it was included in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (TAHC).

Preamble of Chapter 7.7 is that stray and feral dogs pose serious human health, animal health and animal welfare problems and have a socio-economic, environmental, political and religious impact in many countries. Whilst acknowledging human health is a priority including the prevention of zoonotic diseases notably rabies, the OIE recognises the importance of controlling dog populations without causing unnecessary or avoidable animal suffering.

Veterinary Services should play a lead role in preventing zoonotic diseases and ensuring animal welfare and should be involved in dog population control, coordinating their activities with other competent public institutions and/or agencies.

Bullettin No. 2009 - 4
Terrestrial Animal Health Code 2014

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